Heeding the Call

St. Norbert founded the Order of Prémontré to provide zealous priests and religious for the Church in his day. Nine centuries later, the canons of St. Michael’s are still responding to the Lord’s call to priestly and religious perfection.

St. Norbert

If you are discerning a vocation and are interested in learning more about St. Michael’s Abbey and our clerical life, centered around liturgical prayer and service to God’s people, we encourage you to contact our Vocations Director through the form below with any questions you may have or if you are interested in visiting.

Come and See

As canons regular of Prémontré, our way of life is centered around liturgical prayer and service to God’s people. If you are discerning a vocation and are interested in learning more about St. Michael’s Abbey, we encourage you to contact our Vocations Director. He can answer any questions you have or help you arrange a visit.

We will be praying for you as you continue to seek out the Lord’s will for your life.

The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples; and he looked at Jesus as He walked, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!” The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, “What do you seek?” And they said to Him, “Rabbi” (which means 'Teacher'), “where are you staying?” He said to them, “Come and see.” (John 1: 35-39)

Come-and-see visitors pray the divine office with us, attend classes alongside the novices and philosophy students, participate in manual labor, take meals with the seminarians in the refectory, and recreate with the brethren in sports, art, hikes, board games, and any other activities that might be happening at the abbey during their stay. There is no commitment involved in making a come-and-see visit. Whether you are just mildly curious or already on the verge of applying, we invite you to come and see for yourself what our Norbertine life is all about.
The invitation that our Lord extended to His first disciples, we extend to you. For young men, ages 18 - 27, who are considering a religious vocation, and who are interested in learning more about our Norbertine community, the best first step is to make a come-and-see visit to the abbey. These visits give men an opportunity to learn about our life by living it alongside the confreres.

Find out more about life and formation here at St. Michael’s Abbey:

Postulancy (four months)

Each year on August 27, the feast of St. Monica, a new class of postulants enters our abbey. The purpose of this first stage of formation is to introduce the new candidates into the life of a consecrated religious, beginning the necessary adjustment from life in the world to life in the abbey. Postulants live with the other seminarians in our house of formation. They participate in the abbey’s liturgical prayers, serve the brethren through manual labor, and attend classes with the novices. These first months are meant to help both the community and the postulant himself to make a responsible decision as to whether he should be vested in the Norbertine habit.

Novitiate (twenty months)

Christmas is a special time for our community, obviously first and foremost because we celebrate the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ, and secondarily because St. Norbert founded our Order of Prémontré on Christmas Day in the year 1121. But it is also a special time because of our annual Christmas Eve vestition ceremony, in which the newest men at our abbey put off the black suit of postulancy and receive the white habit of our Order. The abbot also bestows a religious name upon each of the new novices, which the man will bear for the rest of his Norbertine life. Compared to the later stages of our canonical formation, the novitiate has a pronounced monastic character to it. The life of a novice is relatively quiet. Free from clerical responsibilities, rigorous academic studies, and distractions from the outside world, the novice is able to focus more on his own inner life. Manual labor is emphasized in this stage, as are penance and prayer. The novice’s intellectual formation lays the groundwork for more formal studies during the juniorate and beyond. Novitiate classes focus on Catholic doctrine, spirituality, liturgy, Latin, and the essentials of a consecrated religious vocation. These fraters also study our Augustinian canonical life—its identity, charism, and history—along with the particular traditions of our own Order and abbey. The goal is for these young Norbertines to learn what it means to live out our specific vocation: as Augustinian canons regular, of the Premonstratensian Order, of St. Michael’s Abbey, in the Diocese of Orange.

Juniorate (three–seven years)

Norbertines call St. Augustine “our Holy Father,” both because he authored the rule of life that we follow and because he miraculously appeared to St. Norbert to instruct him in the founding of our Order. Thus August 28, the solemnity of our Holy Father St. Augustine, is a fitting day for our seminarians to take their first religious vows. After two years in our community (postulancy plus novitiate), the fraters make their temporary professions of poverty, consecrated celibacy, and obedience. As junior- professed Norbertines, these seminarians will continue to live the liturgically-centered common life of our community, while also beginning their formal ecclesiastical studies for the priesthood. After the initial three years under vows, a junior renews his simple vows until his solemn profession.

Liberal arts studies: Confreres who enter the abbey without completing at least two years of college coursework begin their juniorate by taking basic liberal arts classes for one year, via a university-level distance education program.

Philosophy studies: Juniors spend two years here at the abbey studying Thomistic philosophy, focusing especially on the writings of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas’ Aristotelian commentaries. Based on their academic background, they may be asked to spend one further year of formation in Toronto, studying the Catholic intellectual tradition more broadly, including courses in literature and art history.

Apostolic year: Every seminarian devotes at least one year of his formation to serving in an apostolate of our canonry. Most often, fraters spend their apostolic year in one of our various teaching apostolates. Getting some experience on the other side of the desk affords the seminarians a break from their own studies. But more importantly, it offers them a taste of what their life will look like after solemn profession, when preaching, teaching, and other apostolic endeavors will be an essential ingredient in their Norbertine life.

Theology studies: Our fraters receive their theological education at St. Philip’s Seminary, which is run by the Oratorian Fathers in Toronto. One of the finest theologates in the Church today, the Oratory offers a comprehensive program of study for future priests, which focuses especially on Sacred Scripture, the Fathers of the Church, St. Thomas Aquinas, and modern topics in moral and pastoral theology. During their time in Toronto, our Norbertine seminarians live in community together and continue their liturgical life in common. By the end of their studies, all of the fraters will have received a Masters of Theology.

Roman experience: Although we no longer send all of our fraters to Rome for extended theological training, we believe that some exposure to the Eternal City is important for men preparing to be Roman clerics. Thus all confreres will spend some time in Rome before the end of formation. Those Norbertines who go on to pursue more advanced academic degrees—whether in theology, philosophy, sacred music, or canon law—do so at one of the Roman universities. During their studies abroad, the confreres spend several years living in Rome at our Norbertine Generalate House, usually as deacons or young priests.

Canon Regular of Prémontré

At some point during his studies, a junior-professed seminarian requests to take perpetual vows. With the recommendation of the community, this confrere makes his solemn profession to the abbot in our abbey church. Solemn profession advances the religious to full and complete membership in the canonry of St. Michael’s Abbey, which means that he will be a Canon Regular of Prémontré for the rest of his life. The canon irrevocably vows the religious life of the evangelical counsels, according to the Rule of St. Augustine and the constitutions of the Norbertine Order.

Diaconate (one year)

Once a man has made his solemn profession and completed his theology studies, he is ready for ordination to the transitional diaconate. During his year as a deacon, the confrere assists the abbot and the other priests at the altar. He also sings the gospel at Mass on solemnities and begins preaching homilies, in preparation for his priestly ministry.


Having served as a deacon at least one year, the canon regular is promoted to Christ’s holy priesthood. The confrere will exercise his priestly ministry in service to the Church from that day forward. Our Norbertine priests spend their weeks teaching or working in one of the apostolates of our canonry, and they say Mass each Sunday at local parishes. Of course, our priests also continue to daily live out their religious consecration in the liturgy and our common life.

“You are a priest forever, a priest like Melchizedek of old.”
First-Year Novitiate

Lectio Divina—Old Testament
Religious Life
Marian Life and Consecration
Introduction to Prayer
Introduction to Catechism
Constitutions of Our Order
Life of St. Norbert
History of the Order
Gregorian ChantLatin

Second-Year Novitiate

Lectio Divina—New Testament
Religious Life
Spiritual Theology
Introduction to Liturgy
Canon Law
St. Augustine
History of Canonical Life
Gregorian Chant

First-Year Philosophy

Philosophy of Nature
Philosophy of the Soul
History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy

Second-Year Philosophy

Social Ethics
History of Modern Philosophy

Third-Year Philosophy (“Map Year”)

Nineteenth-Century Catholic Philosophy
Theology and History
Theological Aesthetics: Early Christian and Medieval Art and Architecture
The Catholic Shakespeare
Twentieth-Century Catholic Philosophy
Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology
Christianity and Politics
The Catholic Novel

First-Year Theology

Introduction to Theology and Scripture
De Deo Uno
Early Church and Patristics
Synoptic Gospels
De Deo Trino
De Deo Creante
Beatitude and the Human Act
Historical Books of the Old Testament

Second-Year Theology

De Verbo Incarnato
​De Lege et Gratia
​Passions, Virtues, and Gifts of the Holy Spirit
The Prophets
The Sacraments in General, Baptism, and Confirmation
The Cardinal Virtues
St. Paul

Third-Year Theology

Canon Law
The Theological Virtues
Wisdom Literature
The Eucharist and Orders
St. John

5:15 a.m.

The abbey bell is ringing for the first time today—the only sound in an otherwise quiet abbey—to rouse the confreres from sleep and to call us to prayer. In silence, one white-robed figure after another is taking his place in statio, lining up beside the cloister garden to prepare for Morning Office.   One priest is just finishing his candlelit Mass in the crypt chapel. Some of the seminarians are already making the rounds on their rosary beads or prayer ropes. This week’s lector is holding his breviary, glancing over the patristic homily that he is about to proclaim in the liturgy. Now it’s 5:45, and we are processing into the church together in order of seniority, bowing to the altar and to one another, and taking our places in choir. The rector chori is intoning the first words of the Liturgy of the Hours: Domine, labia mea aperies, et os meum annuntiabit laudem tuam. “Lord, thou shalt open my lips, and my mouth shall announce thy praise.” The day has begun.

9:00 a.m.

So far this morning, we have prayed Matins and Lauds, spent half an hour reading Sacred Scripture (lectio divina), celebrated or assisted at the community’s conventual Mass, eaten breakfast, and prayed Terce. Now our priests are busy with their daily pastoral work.

One is preparing for the high school catechism class he will teach tonight. Another is on his way to the hospital for a sick call, bringing the Eucharist to the bed-ridden. Still another is on the air with Catholic Answers Live to explain divine predestination to thousands of radio listeners. Meanwhile the seminarians have class. This morning the novices are studying Gregorian chant, the writings of St. Augustine, and the history of our Norbertine Order. The philosophy students have just finished Aristotle’s Metaphysics, and are now diving into the Prima Pars of the Summa Theologiae. They spend their free periods translating Latin, writing letters to friends and family, or doing spiritual reading. At 11:55 a.m., the abbey bell will ring, and we will all gather in the church once more to consecrate the day to God.

1:00 p.m.

We have already prayed Sext and processed into the refectory for lunch, where one of the fraters is serving as table reader. At lunch we always read from the Rule of our Holy Father St. Augustine, from the Norbertine Hagiologion, and from some other spiritual book—recent selections have included Benedict XVI’s Spirit of the Liturgy, a series of retreat conferences by an English Benedictine, and a biography of a Japanese Servant of God who survived the atomic bombing of Nagasaki. After lunch, our priests return to their apostolic endeavors, while the seminarians clean up the refectory.

If today were a Monday or Wednesday, then the philosophy students would have headed back to their cells to study, while the novices would have assembled for a work meeting and then manual labor—and if it were a Friday, everyone would be working. But today is Tuesday, so all the seminarians have a free afternoon. Several fraters are down on the field for a fierce game of ultimate frisbee. A few others are on a bike ride through the canyon. Two are in the kitchen making apple butter and hot sauce. A handful have gathered around the piano to practice their musical act for our next talent recreation. Most of the painters are in the art studio, working on their latest icons, while one is over in the woodshop crafting a frame for his next creation. Our confreres enjoy their leisure time in all sorts of different activities, but the common thread running through them all is communio—we are united in love of God and the brethren.

4:30 p.m.

After cleaning ourselves up, we finish the afternoon by coming together to pray None. Then the lights in the abbey church are extinguished, and the seminarians spread throughout the sanctuary and nave for the daily rosary. We sanctify the evening by gathering in statio once again and processing into the church for Vespers.

Then we have dinner, prepared by our saintly Dominican sisters. Our table reader begins the meal with a few minutes of the Roman Martyrology and the constitutions of our order, and he ends with a passage from the Life of St. Norbert. But most of dinner is spent in conversation—a real family meal shared among brothers. Now that dinner is finished, some of our priests are in the computer room, preparing their homilies for the parishes where they say Mass on Sundays. A couple of others are taking a walk around the abbey grounds. Several fathers are relaxing together in the priest recreation room. One or two are in the parlors giving spiritual direction. As for the seminarians, some are resetting the refectory, while others are bringing dinner to the elderly fathers, or setting up vestments and chalices for tomorrow’s conventual Mass, or shelving books in the library, or doing any of the other beautifully routine tasks that help maintain our religious life. Soon they will gather for the nightly seminarian recreation. Sometimes seminarians play a board game or sing songs, but more often they just sit back and enjoy each other’s company. After recreation, our grand silence (magnum silentium) will begin, which will continue until after Terce tomorrow morning. Thus we begin and end each day in the silent peace of prayer.

7:30 p.m.

We are right where we belong: kneeling together in our abbey church, adoring the Holy Eucharist. This is the end of our day, our nightly holy hour. Some of the fraters are reading and meditating on Scripture, some just lovingly gaze at our Eucharistic Lord on the altar, and others recite the Jesus prayer or simply talk with God. In a few minutes, the Blessed Sacrament will be reposed, and all of our canons will make their way to their spot in choir for the final hour of the divine office, Compline. At the end of Compline, we process out, bowing in twos before the abbot so that he can give us his fatherly blessing for the night. The confreres file out, making their way to bed or circling back to the church for a few more minutes of prayer. Then we rest, we rise, and we do it all again.

“Day unto day takes up the story, and night unto night makes known the message.”

“How good and how pleasant it is,
when brothers live in unity!”

“Seven times a day I praise you for your just decrees.”

We are blessed to live the psalms that we chant,
day in and day out.

Benedicamus Domino. Deo gratias.

Choose Your Own Vocation
by Fr. Maximilian

“Go, sell what you have, and give to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.”

I know what you’re thinking: “He’s going to talk about vocations. Blah, blah, blah.” Yeah, fair enough. Because “vocation” is actually not a very helpful word—other than the one vocation that we all must follow: the vocation to heaven. But, other than that sense of the universal vocation, it’s a far less helpful word than most of us imagine.

"Oh, Father, I know that God is calling me to marriage.” No; that’s your flesh calling you. “I know that I have a vocation to the priesthood.” Sorry, actually you don’t know that—not until the bishop lays his hands on your head. I’ve heard lots of pious folks claim to have a vocation from God when really they are just following their passions.

The truth is: Each of us, by nature, is called to marriage and family. We Norbertines also, celibate religious, still have the “vocation to marriage,” according to what God has given us by nature. The vocation, the “call” to marriage, is rooted in what you are. No personal vocation or private revelation needed.

On the other side, the Lord’s invitation to the religious life as a religious sister or brother also is not some private, special thing for a select few. It’s a public invitation, written in the Gospel: “If you would be perfect, go sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven, then come, follow me,” and: “There are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.” Let anyone who can accept this, accept it. That’s public revelation. It’s in the Bible. No personal vocation or private revelation needed.

So, yes, you young folks will have to choose a state of life, but it’s not very helpful to think in terms of “vocations.” Because, boys, the good news is: You each have a vocation to marriage—’cause, yeah, your nature is called to it. And the other good news is: You each have a vocation to religious life—you heard the invitation in the Gospel this morning.

Therefore, go ahead and feel free to choose a state of life, any one, in peace, without anxiety. Both holy Christian marriage, and holy Christian celibacy lead to heaven. And don’t worry about messing up and choosing wrong, because the merciful Lord can make either one work for your salvation.

Is one better than the other? Sure. And maybe that’ll influence your choice. But don’t stress over it. In the body, the heart is a nobler organ than the liver, fine, but the body kind of needs both to not die.

So, if you can, and you want to, dude, just ask that nice Catholic girl to marry you. It’s a good thing to do. Or if you can, and you want to, just apply to enter the abbey. You don’t need any special excuse or fireworks, because it’s a good thing to do. So, you see, a lot of folks can freely choose a state of life, without worrying about “vocations.”

Even more, we read in the lives of the saints, especially of former times, how many were just put into a state of life by their parents without any of their own say in the matter. St. Norbert’s parents dropped him off at the local church to begin training for ordination when he was about nine years old. St. Elizabeth of Portugal was twelve when her family arranged her marriage and sent her off.

The point is: They became saints! They, and myriads like them, didn’t struggle with any period of discernment over their vocation, nor did they even get to choose which they preferred. They simply accepted the state in life they were given—valid marriages and vestitions—and they followed the call, the vocation, to holiness.

So, then, there turn out to be three ways one might enter a state of life:

First: It certainly can be, for some, by a special, unique vocation: “Do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife.” That does happen sometimes, to some people. Don’t plan on it happening to you, but if it does, listen.

Second: You students are looking forward to your free choice of a state in life: “Let him who can take it, take it.” Learn your options, and choose something good.

Third: For some, their state comes by the necessity of circumstances: “There are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men.” It could happen that certain options are simply closed off to you. Trust in God’s providence. “But one and the same Spirit produces all of these, distributing them individually to each person as he wishes.”

So far, so good. But, forget about the students for a minute. What about us, professed canons, and what about you married folk in the back? You boys might be able to freely choose a state of life, but I can’t. Sure, I did—but even if what you want gets you into a state of life, your wants aren’t what keep you there.

Example: My brother Dominic is married with four children. I am … as you see. But he and I are very similar. We both like craft beer and Star Wars and overly complicated tabletop games. We both need to be virtuous in order to live our states rightly and become holy and get to heaven.

So, get this: I could have gotten married to some nice Catholic girl, and it would have been a good and holy thing for me to do. Dominic could have entered an abbey, and it would have been a good and holy thing for him to do.

But, at this point, who cares whether either of us made our choice for good reasons? Because for either of us, now, it would be a sin to break the vows that we’ve made.

I know a young lady who, because of manifestly bad choices, found herself with a baby to take care of. Alright, confession, absolution, fine. But now she really is in the state of motherhood, and so it would be a sin for her to try to become a nun. She’s got a kid to take care of.

If you’ve already made a vow—of marriage or of religious profession—then you are obliged to keep it. Even if you find yourself in a state of life through no fault of your own, you still have to fulfill your duties of that state. And then what? Then you just do what St. Elizabeth of Portugal or St. Norbert did, and make the best, holiest life you can with what you’ve got.

I love Dominic. But that’s not what makes us brothers. “If I could, I’d ask her to marry me all over again.” Well, that’s cute. But it’s not what makes you married. “If I could do it over, I wouldn’t make vows.” That’s sad. But it doesn’t make your vows any less binding.

What I said earlier about arranged marriages back in the middle ages is not obsolete. The secret, what they won’t tell you, is this: All marriages are arranged—and usually not by someone older and wiser, but by stupid kids: their younger selves. If you have a fifty-year wedding anniversary, it will be the anniversary of a marriage to a spouse chosen by a kid fifty years ago.

And all of us Norbertines were dropped off here at St. Michael’s by someone else: our former selves. When St. Anthony was a hundred years old, he could have said, “That was an eighteen-year-old kid who enthusiastically ran out into the desert. Why should I have to continue what my idiot former self chose?” But he didn’t say that. He kept at it, which is why he’s a saint.

Remember this, when we shall, as sometimes we must, have difficulties, crosses, arising from, on account of, our state of life. The presence of the cross does not mean that we are in the wrong state of life, but that we are in the right one, following our crucified Savior to the joy of heaven.

So, if you are saying, “I don’t want to play anymore; I’m not free to do what I want;” to you Sirach says today, “God provides a way back; He encourages those who are losing hope and has chosen for them the lot of truth.”

The way back, the encouragement, the hope, come from what? From the lot of truth. What is the truth of your situation? What is your actual state in life? I really am a religious priest. I’m also happy about that, but that’s not what makes it true. Dominic really is married to Rachel, regardless of how they feel about each other four kids later; there is a real family relationship which has nothing to do with any feelings of “being in love.”

Yes, there are other good orders, probably even better ones, but you didn’t make vows there; you made vows here. Yes, there are other, more wonderful women out there than your wife. But just because you feel in love with someone else doesn’t mean you have to commit adultery.

Yes, things could have been different. But they’re not, so don’t worry about it. “The truth will set you free.” “It is well for a person to remain as he is. Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be free. Are you free from a wife? Do not seek marriage.”

We are all members of one body in Christ, so if you end up a hand, don’t fret that you’re not an eye, and if you end up a kidney, don’t try to become an elbow. As members of one body, your hand does see, by means of your eye; and your eye grasps. The body of Christ has very good hand-eye coordination. I participate in the blessings of my brother’s marriage, and Dominic participates in the grace of religious life. “And all things are mine, and I am Christ’s and Christ is God’s.”

What is our vocation? For each of us, Jesus must be the bridegroom of our soul. He is enough. He is all.

Abbot’s Circle

Is a first-of-its-kind virtual monastery—an evolving, curated library that offers an inside look at the artistic, cultural, intellectual, and spiritual work that the Norbertines of St. Michael’s Abbey carry out each day for the praise and honor of Jesus Christ.